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Because they were smaller and took up less space, the upright piano caused the square grand piano to become obsolete by 1900. By the late 1860s and early 1870s, conventional grand piano models began to appear in the sales catalogs of most manufacturers, but were still dominated by the selection of square grands available.
These baby grand pianos were offered in a wide variety of styles, often to compliment particular periods in furniture design, but the most popular style by far was the spade-leg classic design that most of us associate with the traditional baby grand piano of today.Furniture manufactures were quick to jump on the new trend of the Craftsman style, but piano makers were slow to recognize just how important the Arts & Crafts Movement really was.A handful of manufactures attempted to build pianos in the Craftsman/Mission style, but because the Movement was so short-lived, most of them didn’t see the significance of the Arts & Crafts Movement until it was too late; the Arts & Crafts Movement was over before 1920.The organs built during this era often had very high backs with carved panels, shelves, mirrors, etc. By the-turn-of-the-century, the organ had all but disappeared as the piano became the instrument of choice for the American home.Designed for institutional and church use, the Chapel Organ was basically the same instrument as the parlor organ. First, the cabinet was usually short so that the organist could see over it to face the choir or congregation.