The Gopal Bansa were likely one of the earliest inhabitants of Kathmandu valley.
The earliest rulers of Nepal were the Kiratas (Kirata Kingdom), peoples often mentioned in Hindu texts, who ruled Nepal for many centuries.
It is mentioned in Vedic texts that this region was called Nepal centuries ago.
According to the Skanda Purana, a rishi called "Nemi" used to live in the Himalayas.
Nepal was admitted to the United Nations in 1955, and friendship treaties were signed with India in 1950 and the People's Republic of China in 1960.With an estimated population of 26.4 million, it is 48th largest country by population and 93rd largest country by area.It borders China in the north and India in the south, east, and west while Bangladesh is located within only 27 km (17 mi) of its southeastern tip and Bhutan is separated from it by the Indian state of Sikkim.Nepal hosts the permanent secretariat of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC), of which it is a founding member.Nepal is also a member of the Non Aligned Movement and the Bay of Bengal Initiative.